A rash observer will blame Pakistan for the plight in which it has landed itself. But the real responsibility lies on the shoulders of the US.
It is easy to slot Pakistan, but difficult to comprehend how it ticks. The West tags the country with terrorism and many others consider it a failed state. For India, it is a potential enemy which is still to punish the terrorists who attacked Mumbai on 26/11, nearly three years ago. Yet the 16 million people want the same secure conditions which the inhabitants of other countries cherish. But they live in constant fear, the children praying for their fathers’ safety and wives of their husbands when they leave home. Security forces with their finger on the trigger guard the streets of key towns.
We, the 12-member delegation, who went to Pakistan to promote people-to-people contact, saw the same scene of fear-stricken people in Karachi, Hyderabad, Islamabad and Lahore. At some places, there were bunkers on the roadside. Still, nowhere did we see panic. Nor was there any effect on the turnout for the series of events arranged to hear us. People seem to have learnt to live with terrorism. So the life goes on.
Can you write off Pakistan? Suppose it were to go to the fundamentalists or the Taliban? It will be the land training, nourishing and sending out the worst elements. How does India gain if the country disintegrates? The situation does not need indifference but demands a systematic programme all over the world to roll back terrorism and fundamentalism.
A rash observer will blame Pakistan for the plight in which it has landed itself. To some extent, it is true. But the real responsibility lies on the shoulders of America. After winning the cold war against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan, the US dropped Pakistan like a hot potato. That was bad enough. The worse was the policy of Washington to let arms and ammunition lie around for anyone to pick up. It saw to it that the Taliban were fully armed.
The successive governments at Islamabad were short sighted. They used the Taliban to have its ‘strategic depth’ in Afghanistan on the one hand and to trouble India in Kashmir on the other. At one time even the late Benazir Bhutto hailed the Taliban as ‘my children.’ It was the Frankenstein to which Pakistan gave birth and it is now regretfully conscious of that.
Today Pakistan is reaping the whirlwind it had sown. The Taliban have penetrated the police, the security forces and even the army. They can strike anywhere, anybody at any time. It is not the lack of government’s determination that stalls the punitive action. It is the division in the Pakistani nation which makes a concerted action difficult.
Religious parties have more clout than ever before. In the wake of the government’s attack on Lal Masjid, at least 12 more masjids have been built in the vicinity. And more are coming up with the munificence from abroad. It is an open secret which country is acting like a Santa Claus for the fundamentalists.
Civil society has dwindled and the persons talking of liberalism as such can be counted on fingers. They tell in private that they are afraid to express their views in public lest they should be killed. Salman Taseer’s son, quite articulate in following the line taken by his father, said that the number of people visiting them has shrunk. Even close relatives avoid contact with his family.
When would the atmosphere of free thought and free expression that followed the success of lawyers’ movement return is the hope to which the civil society clings to. Therefore, the World Cup cricket match between India and Pakistan was considered a godsend opportunity for a better atmosphere in the region to change things in Pakistan as well.
By itself the cricket match does not mean much. But it offered an opportunity to both sides to go beyond the handshake and sit across the tables to take up knottier problems like Kashmir and water as soon as possible. As regards water, prime minister Manmohan Singh has offered the integrated development of the Indus basin if Pakistan does not favour the three-river allotment under the Indus Water Treaty. Priority should be given to travel and trade.
I have come back from Pakistan with the conviction that the common man wants to live in peace and amity with the people in India. There are elements, strong enough, to keep the two countries distant. I was told that the army did not favour peace with India. Even if this is true, the friendliness writ large on the faces of people I addressed sustains my hope for a détente.
India may not be their refuge but they have a lot of hope in Manmohan Singh to retrieve their country which is teething at the brink of elimination. India can ignore this at its own peril. Perhaps the time is ripe to talk about South Asia common market. I found this idea acceptable even to the religious elements in Pakistan. Still New Delhi has to take the initiative to make it possible
(P.S one awasum piece of article i came across recently)
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